Example of Newton-Raphson method with bisection in Python

''' root = newtonRaphson(f,df,a,b,tol=1.0e-9).
    Finds a root of f(x) = 0 by combining the Newton-Raphson
    method with bisection. The root must be bracketed in (a,b).
    Calls user-supplied functions f(x) and its derivative df(x).   
'''    
def newtonRaphson(f,df,a,b,tol=1.0e-9):
    import error
    fa = f(a)
    if fa == 0.0: return a
    fb = f(b)
    if fb == 0.0: return b
    if fa*fb > 0.0: error.err('Root is not bracketed')
    x = 0.5*(a + b)                    
    for i in range(30):
        fx = f(x)
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      # Tighten the brackets on the root 
        if fa*fx &lt; 0.0:
            b = x  
        else:                  
            a = x
      # Try a Newton-Raphson step    
        dfx = df(x)
      # If division by zero, push x out of bounds
        try: dx = -fx/dfx
        except ZeroDivisionError: dx = b - a
        x = x + dx
      # If the result is outside the brackets, use bisection  
        if (b - x)*(x - a) &lt; 0.0:  
            dx = 0.5*(b - a)                      
            x = a + dx
      # Check for convergence     
        if abs(dx) &lt; tol*max(abs(b),1.0): return x
    print &#039;Too many iterations in Newton-Raphson&#039;

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